Aquaculture – also known as aquafarming, it is the controlled growth of aquatic species.
Pisciculture – aquaculture practice involving finned fish.
Extensive aquaculture – managed aquaculture dependent on the local natural setting, such as a pond or coastal sea area.
Intensive aquaculture – managed aquaculture controlled through human engineered means, such as managing water quality and sources of food.
Fish farm – locations used to grow populations of aquatic organisms, primarily fish.
Fish Hatchery – one form of a fish farm, managed with the intent of resupplying native wild populations in natural environments.
Ornamental fish – are small fish, such as koi, which are typically grown to be kept in aquariums or small landscape ponds.
Game fish – Fish, such as trout, raised to become replenishment stock for natural sport fisheries.
Wild fishing harvest – the commercial and personal fishing consumption in a specific area and over a specific time frame.
Water Quality – the characteristics of water, such as water temperature and contamination, which define its ability to sustain life and its purity from chemicals.
Culture tanks – Artificial holding areas used to rear fish farm stocks.
Fish husbandry – the breeding and rearing of fish for a variety of reasons.
Anadromous fish – migratory fish that live in salt water but breed in fresh water.
Catadromous fish – migratory fish that live in fresh water but breed in salt water.
Amphidromous fish – migratory fish that live in both fresh and salt water, independent of breeding.
Potamodromous fish – migratory fish that move within fresh water only.
Oceanodromous fish – migratory fish that move within salt water only.
Genotyping – determining the genetic makeup of a fish or stock or the purpose of managing the efficiency of aquaculture production.
In vitro fertilization – artificially fertilizing fish eggs in a laboratory setting.
Fish meal – commercially processed food source used in fish farming as a source of protein for the fish stock.
Fry – Development stage of fish immediately after the larvae stage, at an age of less than a week.
Fingerling – Development stage of fish following the fry stage and continuing into the first three to four months of life.
Yearling – Development stage of fish following the fingerling stage and lasting until approximately one year of age.
Brood stock – fish of any particular species which are raised for reproduction purposes.
Fish kill – a description of the number of fish stock to die in a specific amount of time.
Pond acreage – area committed to extensive aquaculture holdings at a fish farm or company.
Overfishing – detrimental practice of removing more of a natural aquatic species than what natural reproduction can support.
Contaminants – Both natural and artificial materials not typically found or found in unusually high concentrations which can be detrimental to the health of wild or farmed aquatic species